It is said that there were about seven thousand temples here, which earned it the coveted title "The Temple City of India". Even today from the hundreds of temples that still stand majestically as mute witness of its glorious past, one can study the chronological development of temple architecture from the beginning in the 7th Century AD to its culmination in the 13th Century A.D. It is a centre of art and craft, and is known for its rich heritage and cultural background. Numerous temples, caves, religious ponds etc. propagating faiths of Hinduism, Buddhism, Vaishnavism, Jainism speak not only of the wealth and prosperity of the people of the past but also of their masterly engineering skill and superb architecture in stone. Bhubaneswar, at present, stands at the confluence of the past and the present and proudly manifests the soaring spire of the Lord Lingaraj, the Rajarani Temple, the Pagoda Dhauli, popularly known as the white dome of peace, the Jain Temples and the caves of Khandagiri and Udayagiri. Once the flourishing capital of ancient Kalinga, the city is today the largest city in Orissa and an important Tourist Centre not only in India, but also in the whole World.
The most famous ones are Lingaraj Temple, Lakshmanesvara group of temples, Parasuramesvara Temple, Svarnajalesvra Temple, Muktesvara Temple, Rajarani Temple, Vaital Temple, Brhamesvara temple, Meghesvara temple, Vaskaresvara Temple, Ananta Vasudeva Temple, Sari Temple, Kapilesvara Temple, Markandesvara temple, Yamesvara temple, Chitrakarini temple, Sisiresvara Temple. Apart from the ancient temples few other important temples were built in recent times that includes Ram Mandir, Maa Kanakdurga Pitha,ISKON etc. The Lingaraj Temple towers above the cityscape and is visible from far. Careful conservation has helped save many of these symbols of Oriya culture.